Blueberry (comics) – Wikipedia

Blueberry as drawn through Jean GiraudPublisherDargaud, Le Lombard, Fleurus (maison d’édition) [fr], Hachette, Novedi [fr], Alpen Publishers [fr], DupuisFormatGraphic novelGenreWesternPublication dateMain series: 1963–2007Young Blueberry: 1968-Marshal Blueberry: 1991-2000Main character(s)Mike S. Blueberry (born as Michael Steven Donovan)Created byJean-Michel CharlierJean GiraudWritten byJean-Michel Charlier (1963-1989†),Jean Giraud (1990-2012†)François Corteggiani (1990-)Artist(s)Jean “Mœbius” Giraud (1963-2012)Jijé (1964, 1965)Colin Wilson (1985-1994)William Vance (1991-1993)Michel Blanc-Dumont [fr] (1998-)Michel Rouge [fr] (1980, 2000)Colorist(s)Claude Poppé (1963-1965)Jean Giraud (1966-2012)Évelyne Tranlé [fr] (1970, 1972, 1979-1981)Fraisic Marot (1983)Janet Gale [fr] (1985-1994)Florence Breton (1990-1999)Claudine Blanc-Dumont [fr] (1993-2012†)Claire Champeval (2003)Scarlett (coloriste) [fr] (2005)Jocelyne Etter-Charrance (2015-)

Blueberry is a Western comedian series created inside the Franco-Belgian bandes dessinées (BD) subculture via the Belgian scriptwriter Jean-Michel Charlier and French comics artist Jean “Mœbius” Giraud. It chronicles the adventures of Mike Blueberry on his travels through the American Old West. Blueberry is an extraordinary western hero; he isn’t a wandering lawman who brings evil-doers to justice, nor a handsome cowboy who “rides into town, saves the ranch, becomes the brand new sheriff and marries the schoolmarm.”[1] In any scenario, he sees what he thinks desires doing, and he does it.

The series spawned out of the 1963 Fort Navajo comics series, in the beginning meant as an ensemble narrative, but which fast gravitated around the breakout person “Blueberry” as the principle and principal character after the primary two tales, causing the collection to maintain underneath his call afterward. The older memories, released underneath the Fort Navajo moniker, were ultimately reissued below the call Blueberry as properly in later reprint runs. Two spin-offs series, La Jeunesse de Blueberry (Young Blueberry) and Marshal Blueberry, were created pursuant the main collection accomplishing its peak in recognition inside the early Eighties.[2]
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It has been remarked that in the 1960s, Blueberry “was as lots a staple in French comics as, say, The Avengers or The Flash here [in the USA].”[3]Synopsis[edit]

Born on 30 October 1843 on Redwood Plantation near Augusta, Georgia, Michael Steven Donovan is the son of a rich Southern planter and starts out life as a determined racist.[four] On the threshold of the American Civil War, Donovan is forced to flee north after being framed for the murder of his fiancée Harriet Tucker’s father, a plantation owner. On his flight toward the Kentucky border, he is saved with the aid of Long Sam, a fugitive African-American slave from his father’s property, who paid along with his lifestyles for his act of altruism. Inspired when he sees a blueberry bush, Donovan chooses the surname “Blueberry” as an alias while rescued from his Southern pursuers with the aid of a Union cavalry patrol (at some stage in his flight war had broken out between the States). After enlisting in the Union Army, he becomes an enemy of discrimination of all kinds, combating towards the Confederates (although being a Southerner himself, first enlisting as a bugler so as to keep away from having to fireplace upon his former countrymen), later seeking to protect the rights of Native Americans. He begins his adventures inside the Far West as a lieutenant in the United States Cavalry rapidly after the battle. On his many travels inside the West, Blueberry is often followed via his depended on partners, the tough-ingesting deputy Jimmy McClure, and later also through “Red Neck” Wooley, a rugged pioneer and army scout.Characters[edit]Publication records[edit]

In his children, Giraud have been a passionate fan of American Westerns and Blueberry has its roots in his earlier Western-themed works together with the Frank et Jeremie shorts, which had been drawn for Far West magazine when he became most effective 18 – additionally having been his first income as loose-lancer – the Western short memories he created for the magazines from French writer Fleurus (his first expert tenured employment as comedian artist within the period 1956–1958), and his collaboration with Joseph “Jijé” Gillain on an episode of the latter’s Jerry Spring collection in 1960, which appeared inside the Belgian comics mag Spirou (“La Route de Coronado [fr]”, issues 1192 – 1213, 1961), aside from his next Western contributions to Benoit Gillian’s (son of Jijé) quick-lived comedian mag Bonux-Boy (1960/sixty one). Directly earlier than he began his apprenticeship at Jijé, Jean Giraud had already approached Jean-Michel Charlier on his very own accord, asking him if he became inquisitive about writing scripts for a brand new western series for ebook in Pilote, the simply by Charlier co-released mythical French comic magazine.[five] Charlier refused on that occasion, claiming he in no way felt lots empathy for the genre.[6] Biographer Gilles Ratier [fr] even though, has referred to that Charlier, when he felt he changed into preaching to the choir, had the tendency to “take liberties” with actual events for dramatic impact.[7] Charlier had in effect already written several Westerns, each comics and illustrated quick prose testimonies, within the length 1949-1959 for various preceding magazines. One such short entailed the textual content comic “Cochise” in Jeannot mag, July 1957, handling the ancient “Bascom Affair”, which six years later might turn out to be the apotheosis of the primary Blueberry tale, “Fort Navajo”. Furthermore, Charlier had already visited the South-West of america in 1960, ensuing in several Native-American themed instructional Pilote editorials.[eight]

In 1962, the magazine sent Charlier on a reporting task around the sector for its editorials, and one of his remaining 1963 ports of call become Edwards Airforce Base in the Mojave Desert, California. He took the possibility to (re-)find out the American West, returning to France with a strong urge to put in writing a western.[five] First he asked Jijé to draw the series, however Jijé, a lifelong friend and collaborator of Charlier, thought there might be a struggle of interest, for the reason that he turned into then a tenured artist at Spirou, a competing comic mag, which posted his own Western comedian Jerry Spring, and wherein he changed into very a good deal invested.[nine] In his stead, Jijé proposed his protégé Giraud as the artist.[2] A satisfied accident turned into that Giraud changed into additionally in detail acquainted with the landscapes that had inspired Charlier, as he already have been on an prolonged stay of 9 months in Mexico in 1956, in which the endless blue skies and never-ending flat plains of Mexico’s northern deserts had “cracked open his mind”.[10]Original guides in French[edit]

“Charlier, together with Goscinny the editors-in-leader, desired a western. He already had outlines in thoughts, however asked me to give you a call. He cautioned a couple of names, which sounded now not horrific, however I wanted something softer for this rough and fundamental individual. It was then that I saw that somebody had signed with the name “Blueberry” in Geographic Magazine, which became mendacity opened in front of me, simply by using coincident. That became the proper desire, and Charlier liked the name as well. For the hero’s facial traits, I chose Belmondo, as he turned into at the time something of an art symbol for men my age.”

—Giraud, 1975, on his declare of inventing the name Blueberry.[eleven]

“[The concept of giving Blueberry Belmondo’s face] originated from the both of us. That happened this manner: To have Blueberry come across as a non-conformist, I described him proper from the begin as uncombed, disheveled, unshaven, damaged nosed, etc. After he had read that, Jean exclaimed to me, “That’s Belmondo!””

—Charlier, 1978, on conceiving the initial countenance of Blueberry.[12]observe: English titles in parentheses wherein they exist and while first referred to, original titles simplest wherein none are to be had